Create TAR file:
tar -cvf archive_file.tar file_to_archice.doc

Append a file to a TAR file:
tar -uvf archive_file.tar file_to_archice.doc

Extract a TAR file:
tar -xvf archive_file.tar directory_to_extract

List the contents of a TAR file:
tar -tvf archive_file.tar

tar – The GNU version of the tar archiving utility
tar [ – ] A –catenate –concatenate | c –create | d –diff –compare | r –append | t –list | u –update | x -extract –get [ –atime-preserve ] [ -b, –block-size N ] [ -B, –read-full-blocks ] [ -C, –directory DIR ] [ –checkpoint ]
[ -f, –file [HOSTNAME:]F ] [ –force-local ]
[ -F, –info-script F –new-volume-script F ] [ -G, –incremental ] [ -g, –listed-incremental F ] [ -h, –dereference ] [ -i, –ignore-zeros ] [ -j, -I, –bzip ] [ –ignore-failed-read ] [ -k, –keep-old-files ] [ -K, –starting-file F ] [ -l, –one-file-system ] [ -L, –tape-length N ] [ -m, –modification-time ] [ -M, –multi-volume ] [ -N, –after-date DATE, –newer DATE ] [ -o, –old-archive, –portability ] [ -O, –to-stdout ] [ -p, –same-permissions, –preserve-permissions ] [ -P, –absolute-paths ] [ –preserve ]
[ -R, –record-number ] [ –remove-files ] [ -s, –same-order, –preserve-order ] [ –same-owner ] [ -S, –sparse ] [ -T, –files-from=F ] [ –null ]
[ –totals ]
[ -v, –verbose ] [ -V, –label NAME ] [ –version ]
[ -w, –interactive, –confirmation ] [ -W, –verify ]
[ –exclude FILE ] [ -X, –exclude-from FILE ] [ -Z, –compress, –uncompress ] [ -z, –gzip, –ungzip ]
[ –use-compress-program PROG ] [ –block-compress ] [ -[0-7][lmh] ]

filename1 [ filename2, … filenameN ]
directory1 [ directory2, …directoryN ]
This manual page documents the GNU version of tar , an archiving program designed to store and extract files from an archive file known as a tarfile. A tarfile may be made on a tape drive, however, it is also common to write a tarfile to a normal file. The first argument to tar must be one of the options: Acdrtux, followed by any optional functions. The final arguments to tar are the names of the files or directories which should be archived. The use of a directory name always implies that the subdirectories below should be included in the archive.

One of the following options must be used:
A, –catenate, –concatenate
append tar files to an archive
c, –create
create a new archive

d, –diff, –compare
find differences between archive and file system
delete from the archive (not for use on mag tapes!)

r, –append
append files to the end of an archive

t, –list
list the contents of an archive

u, –update
only append files that are newer than copy in archive

x, –extract, –get
extract files from an archive

don’t change access times on dumped files

b, –block-size N
block size of Nx512 bytes (default N=20)

B, –read-full-blocks
reblock as we read (for reading 4.2BSD pipes)

C, –directory DIR
change to directory DIR

print directory names while reading the archive

f, –file [HOSTNAME:]F
use archive file or device F (default /dev/rmt0)

archive file is local even if has a colon

F, –info-script F –new-volume-script F
run script at end of each tape (implies -M)
G, –incremental
create/list/extract old GNU-format incremental backup

g, –listed-incremental F
create/list/extract new GNU-format incremental backup
h, –dereference
don’t dump symlinks; dump the files they point to

i, –ignore-zeros
ignore blocks of zeros in archive (normally mean EOF)

j, –I, –bzip
filter the archive through bzip2. Note: -I is deprecated and may get a different meaning in the near future.
don’t exit with non-zero status on unreadable files

k, –keep-old-files
keep existing files; don’t overwrite them from archive

K, –starting-file F
begin at file F in the archive

l, –one-file-system
stay in local file system when creating an archive

L, –tape-length N
change tapes after writing N*1024 bytes

m, –modification-time
don’t extract file modified time

M, –multi-volume
create/list/extract multi-volume archive

N, –after-date DATE, –newer DATE
only store files newer than DATE

o, –old-archive, –portability
write a V7 format archive, rather than ANSI format

O, –to-stdout
extract files to standard output

p, –same-permissions, –preserve-permissions
extract all protection information
P, –absolute-paths
don’t strip leading `/’s from file names

like -p -s

R, –record-number
show record number within archive with each message

remove files after adding them to the archive

s, –same-order, –preserve-order
list of names to extract is sorted to match archive

create extracted files with the same ownership

S, –sparse
handle sparse files efficiently

T, –files-from=F
get names to extract or create from file F

-T reads null-terminated names, disable -C

print total bytes written with –create

v, –verbose
verbosely list files processed

V, –label NAME
create archive with volume name NAME

print tar program version number

w, –interactive, –confirmation
ask for confirmation for every action

W, –verify
attempt to verify the archive after writing it

–exclude FILE
exclude file FILE

X, –exclude-from FILE
exclude files listed in FILE

Z, –compress, –uncompress
filter the archive through compress

z, –gzip, –ungzip
filter the archive through gzip

–use-compress-program PROG
filter the archive through PROG (which must accept -d)

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